J. R. R. Tolkien is remembered for his extensive world of Middle Earth; but he also witnessed Hell on Earth in the trenches of World War I. John Ronald Reuel Tolkien found himself in a bit of a predicament after the United Kingdom entered the First World War in August of 1914. His relatives were shocked when they discovered that he, as a 22 year old young and strapping man, didn’t immediately volunteer his services for the British Army.
World War III
Sweden maintained a policy of neutrality throughout World War II. Although the fate of the great Scandinavian state was, in the very least, unclear at the beginning of the conflict, Sweden managed to maintain official political neutrality throughout it all. A combination of geopolitical location (the Scandinavian Peninsula proved to be fruitful during this period of global uncertainty) and successful diplomatic factors (realpolitik) during the unpredictable timeline of the Second World War allowed Sweden to sit through, in short, a Cold War.