Over seventy chairs would be vacant — abandoned, even — by 1861, but the reasons have various degrees of acceptability. Some of these men resigned to become ministers, secretaries in the cabinet, or ambassadors. A few, like George W. Scranton of Pennsylvania’s 12th district, died. Some even resigned to enter the Union Army itself. These chairs, of the seventy, would be filled after the short periods of incumbent elected periods ended. But, nevertheless, it seems like the 36th Congress of the United States would have been a considerably unproductive one, with multiple representatives resigning, being expelled, or withdrawing from duty. How can anything be done if there is no communication? How can politics continue without compromise and with secession?
Republicans were, then not now, the party of Lincoln — many progressives that believed in change for society, usually for good. The fact that people like Paul Ryan can even dare claim that the Republicans today are the party of Lincoln makes our 16th President roll in his grave. The Democratic Party, on the other hand, was a racist and vile group of political exorcism that only shaped up under people like Harry Truman and Lyndon B. Johnson, political machines that knew that they needed to change their outlooks to gain minority votes. Slavery existed under southern Democrats, most segregationists were those who switched from the Democratic side to the Republican side after the votes were counted. The concept of, you know, actual reform and humanity tends to shoo those sorts of people away.