If you’re like me, you just realized that 2016 is already well over halfway finished. We’ve entered the eighth month of the year 2016, yet I still feel like it’s 2012. For the next thirty-one days (counting today), the Gregorian calendar will be flipped to the month of August. The month of peridot and sardonyx, of gladiolus and poppy, and of Leo and Virgo.
As America entered the Great War, the temperance movement became much more noticeable. In 1918, Congress passed the 18th Amendment to the Constitution – which completely prohibited all sectors of the trade for alcohol. From manufacturing, transporting, selling, or consuming alcoholic beverages, the states agreed to ratified the amendment within less than a year.
Happy Leap Year! Our modern day Gregorian calendar is far from perfect. None of the calendar systems in use perfectly reflect the length of a tropical year, which happens to be approximately 365.242189 days long on average. There are better calendars than the one currently in use, the Gregorian calendar, which inherited its name from Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in October 1582.
On January 26th, 1788, Royal Navy officer Captain Arthur Phillip guided a fleet of eleven British ships, each carrying convicts, to the colony of New South Wales. This date has gone down in history as the “foundation” of Australia. After overcoming a period of difficult settling and problems, the colony began to celebrate the anniversary of this date as the birth of their nation.
Constantine, the son of Augustus Constantinius Chlorus and Helena, was proclaimed the Augustus of the Western Roman Empire upon the death of his father on July 25th, 306 CE. He became the sole ruler of the empire after the Battle of Milvian Bridge in 312 and the defeat of Licinius in 324, after which he re-United the Empire under his reign. Building Constantinople, “Constantine’s City” or “New Rome”, he created the new capital of the empire. He would go on to revolutionize and reform coinage, with his reign introducing a new “form” of gold called solidus. He played a crucial role in the Christianization of the Roman World, getting baptized on his deathbed and leaving the standards for future emperors.